graduated in 2011 with a BEng (Hons) in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Dundee. His research during that time focused on biomedical engineering, researching ‘TMJ Kinematics’ (Carnegie Scholarship funded), and ‘Hyperthermic effects on cell behaviour’ (Honours project).
He started his PhD that year working in the Biophotonics department at IMSaT. His research is part of the ‘New Blood’ project, which aims to industrially produce red blood for transfusion medicine. Pauls part of the project focuses on the separation of nucleated and enucleated red blood cells as a quality assurance measure, using optical and acoustic techniques.